Tips for Growing Perennial Flowers

February 23, 2011 at 4:46 pm

Perennial flowers create the structure of a flower garden. They bring out the character and the breathtaking aura of your garden. When growing annual plants you must replant them each spring. However, herbaceous perennial plants become dormant after the spring period and flourish from the same roots during the next season. Besides the herbaceous type, there are woody perennials which do not die every year. These include trees and bushes.

Perennial flowers come in a variety of colors, shapes, sizes and textures. When selecting perennials you should consider your garden’s needs and the type of soil you have available.

Types of Perennial Flowers

perennial flowers Tips for Growing Perennial Flowers

Perennials flourish well in sunlight and certain types of soil. Astilbe, salvia, lavender, artemisa, chrysanthemum and poppy are considered as full sun perennials. They require high levels of exposure to the sun in order to bloom well. Foxglove, primrose and ligularia, on the other hand, are known as partial shade and require low levels of sun exposure to grow successfully. Full shade perennials such as hosta, ferns and brunnera thrive well in places without sunlight.

On another note, perennials such as bluestar, yarrow and wormwood grow well in dry soil. These flowers are ideal for persons who are unable to water their plants every day. Although you are unable to water them daily, you should not disregard wetting them from time to time. Average soil consisting of an equal distribution of sand, silt and clay is best for growing aster, peony and meadow sage, while cardinals, iris and pulmonaria blossom in moist soil.

Growing Perennial Flowers

Place perennials into several pots. It is recommended that you study the plant’s behavior before deciding upon a planting location.

Consider how and when the flowers normally bloom. Visit http://www.usna.usda.gov/ in order to determine the best location for your flowers.

Prepare the ground. Dig holes a bit larger than the pots for each plant. This will allow the plants to spread their roots and grow without any interference. Throw water into the holes. Uproot each perennial and place it into the prepared hole. Combine the soil from the pot with the garden soil. Fill and cover the hole, ensuring that all air-holes have been removed. Such holes can damage your plant’s roots.

Make sure to fertilize, solarize and cultivate the ground where you plan to set the plant. Never let any weeds grow on the spot.

Exercise special care with your perennials after planting. While it would take some time for the plants to reach their full size, here is a care routine you can adopt to ensure your plants reach their maximum potential:

a. Know the water needs of your flowers

b. Use organic mulch as a supplier of nutrients and moisture to your flowers

c. Deadhead regularly in order to keep them blooming for a long period of time

d. Divide and separate them if they become too crowded in your garden

Always attend to your perennials. They have a high likelihood of inviting pests and diseases into your garden when they are left untended.

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